Azithromycin: Your Essential Guide to Safe Usage

In this informative guide, we’ll provide you with all the crucial information you need to know about Azithromycin. This medicine is prescribed to treat a variety of bacterial infections, and understanding how to use it safely is of utmost importance. Please read this guide carefully.


  1. What is Azithromycin and Its Uses?
  2. Important Precautions Before Taking Azithromycin
  3. Proper Usage Instructions
  4. Potential Side Effects
  5. How to Store Azithromycin

1. What is Azithromycin and Its Uses?

Azithromycin is a member of the macrolide antibiotic group. It is primarily used to treat bacterial infections caused by microorganisms like bacteria. Here are some common infections treated with Azithromycin:

  • Chest infections, such as bronchitis and pneumonia
  • Infections in the sinuses, throat, tonsils, or ears
  • Mild to moderate skin and soft tissue infections, including folliculitis, cellulitis, and erysipelas
  • Infections caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, leading to inflammation of the urethra or cervix.

2. Important Precautions Before Taking Azithromycin

Do Not Take Azithromycin If:

  • You are allergic to azithromycin or any other macrolide antibiotic.
  • You have a history of severe allergic reactions.
  • You have severe kidney problems or liver problems.
  • You have been diagnosed with a neurological disease.
  • You are taking certain medications like ergot alkaloids, which are used to treat migraines.
  • You have conditions like prolonged QT interval, irregular heartbeat, low potassium or magnesium levels.

Important Notes:

  • If you experience severe and persistent diarrhea during or after treatment, especially if you notice blood or mucus, contact your doctor.
  • If symptoms persist after your Azithromycin treatment, or if you notice new and persistent symptoms, consult your doctor.

Medication Interactions:

Let your doctor know if you are taking or have recently taken any of the following medications:

  • Warfarin or similar blood clot-preventing drugs.
  • Ergotamine or dihydroergotamine for migraine.
  • Ciclosporin used to suppress the immune system.
  • Digoxin for heart failure.
  • Colchicine used for gout and familial Mediterranean fever.
  • Antacids for indigestion.
  • Cisapride or terfenadine, used for stomach problems or allergies.
  • Medications for irregular heartbeat or cholesterol-lowering statins.

3. Proper Usage Instructions

  • Always take Azithromycin exactly as your doctor or pharmacist instructs.
  • Swallow the tablets with water, with or without food.
  • Dosage varies depending on your condition, but it’s crucial to follow your doctor’s recommendations.
  • For certain infections, a single high-dose regimen might be prescribed.

Azithromycin tablets should be given as a single daily dose. The tablets should be swallowed
preferably with a drink of water, and can be taken with or without food. Azithromycin 500mg:
The tablet can be divided into equal doses.
The recommended dose is:
Adults (including older patients), children and adolescents with a body weight of over 45 kg: The
recommended dose is 1500 mg divided over either 3 or 5 days as follows:

  • When taken over 3 days, 500 mg once daily.
    • When taken over 5 days, 500 mg as a single dose on the first day and then 250 mg once daily
    on days 2 through to 5.

What to Do If You:

  • Take more Azithromycin than recommended: Contact your doctor or pharmacist immediately.
  • Forget to take a tablet: Take it as soon as you remember, but don’t double the dose.
  • Want to stop taking Azithromycin: Do not do so without consulting your doctor, even if you start feeling better.

4. Potential Side Effects

Like any medication, Azithromycin may cause side effects. Here’s what you should be aware of:

  • Common side effects include diarrhea, nausea, abdominal pain, flatulence, headache, and more.
  • Uncommon side effects encompass changes in liver function, skin sensitivity to light, and more.
  • Rare side effects may include skin rash, jaundice, heart palpitations, and more.
  • Very rare side effects consist of muscle weakness, hallucinations, and blood clotting issues.

In the event of severe side effects, seek immediate medical attention.

5. How to Store Azithromycin

  • Keep Azithromycin out of reach of children.
  • Store below 30°C.
  • Do not use the medicine after the expiry date, which can be found on the carton and blister packaging.
  • Dispose of any unused medicine as advised by your pharmacist to protect the environment.

Note: If you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or have any concerns about using Azithromycin, consult your doctor before taking the medication. Your health and safety are of the utmost importance.

Remember, this guide provides essential information, but it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or pharmacist for personalized guidance on your health and medication. Your well-being is our priority.

Important Information: This article offers essential information about Azithromycin but does not replace medical advice. Always consult a healthcare professional for personalized guidance. Your health is a top priority.