An Overview of Ringer’s Lactate Solution Injection

Ringer’s Lactate Solution, also called Hartmann’s Solution, is an intravenous (IV) fluid used to help treat dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. It contains a balanced mixture of salts (electrolytes) needed by the body, including:

  • Sodium
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Chloride
  • Lactate

This IV solution helps replace fluids, electrolytes and minerals lost through conditions like vomiting, diarrhea, sweat, blood loss or kidney dysfunction. It also acts as an alkalizing agent to counter metabolic acidosis connected to dehydration or low blood potassium.

Ringer’s Lactate is given directly into the vein through an IV line, bypassing the digestive system. Dosage varies based on factors like age, medical status and serum electrolyte levels being addressed. Treatment duration depends on the clinical situation but may continue for 24 hours or several days if needed.

Below are some key points about the use of this helpful IV fluid medication:

What Happens During Administration

  • The solution flows from an IV bag, through tubing into your vein
  • You may feel coolness at the injection site as fluid enters
  • Nurses will monitor you for reactions or issues

Expected Benefits

  • Rehydration restoring fluid balance
  • Electrolyte levels corrected
  • Metabolic acidosis reduced
  • Overall symptoms relieved

Potential Side Effects

  • Irritation, swelling, redness, pain or blood clot at IV site
  • Changes in blood electrolyte levels
  • Congestive heart failure if given too rapidly

Immediately alert nurses if you experience shortness of breath, chest pain or significant injection site discomfort during administration. Seek emergency care for signs of anaphylaxis like hives, swelling or fainting.

Frequently Asked Questions About Ringer’s Lactate

Below are answers to some common questions patients have about Ringer’s Lactate Solution.

Why is the IV fluid called Ringer’s Lactate?

It’s named after Dr. Alexis Hartman and Dr. Sydney Ringer who originally researched IV saline solutions. The “lactate” part refers to lactic acid salts it contains to help correct acidosis.

What are the ingredients in it?

The main ingredients are sodium chloride, potassium chloride, calcium chloride and sodium lactate salts dissolved in sterile water. The blend helps restore body fluid/electrolyte balance.

How fast does the IV solution work?

Most people notice some relief of dehydration symptoms within 30-60 minutes as fluid volume is restored. Maximum benefits depend on the amount infused but can take several hours.

Does the IV injection hurt or sting?

Some people report coolness, slight burning or discomfort at the injection site which normally passes quickly. Tell nurses right away if you have significant pain which could indicate irritation or swelling.

What problems can happen if given too fast?

Administering it too rapidly can lead to fluid overflow, congestive heart failure, electrolyte abnormalities or other issues. Nurses control the rate carefully based on doctor orders.

Who should not get Ringer’s Lactate Solution?

It is not appropriate for certain health conditions like severe kidney dysfunction, severe liver dysfunction, hypernatremia or lactic acidosis. Alternative IV fluids may be used.

Go over any other questions or concerns you have about Ringer’s Lactate therapy with your care team. This IV solution provides safe, effective relief when used properly under medical supervision. Speak up about discomfort, seek emergency care for suspected allergic reaction.